Until her death, opinion surveys had shown the ”no” campaign firmly ahead by 10 to 15 percentage points. That margin seemed to have survived intact despite a last-minute flurry of opinion surveys suggesting a ”yes” vote was still possible.
The debate about the euro has been so fractious that five members of Mr. Persson’s government spoke out against it, dividing the Social Democrats, who have led Sweden for most of the last 70 years. The vote, highlighting differences between young people, particularly women, who voted against the euro, and older Swedes, especially men, in favor of it, did little to heal the rift.
”Sweden is divided,” Mr. Persson said tonight.